The Bureau of Land Management plans to test a controversial sterilization method on wild mares in Utah that's a key part of a herd-reduction strategy the agency is trying to implement. The agency's strategy incorporates much of the 10 Years to AML agenda, which calls for the mass round-up of wild horses and a "panoply" of fertility control methods. The sterilization technique proposed for the Utah herd is called ovariectomy via colpotomy, which involves removing the ovaries from mares. BLM has stepped up efforts, particularly in the past six months, to round up wild horses and to test longer-range fertility control methods.
In a decision record issued this week, BLM approved a plan to round up as many as 590 wild horses from the Confusion Herd Management Area in Utah. The 235,000-acre HMA has about 661 wild horses, and BLM wants to bring that number down to within the so-called appropriate management level of about 70 animals. The first of what could be several wild horse "gathers" could start next month.
Michael Gates, acting manager of BLM's West Desert District in Utah, wrote in his decision record that previous research has shown "strong evidence that this method can be used by BLM in wild horse management, with an acceptable level of safety for people and treated horses." Without the use of sterilization, Gates added, BLM would likely need to remove wild horses from the Confusion HMA "every 3 to 5 years" to keep populations under control. Challenges to the plan can be filed to the Interior Board of Land Appeals—and appeals are likely.
Most advocacy groups and a number of congressional Democrats, including House Natural Resources Chairman Raúl Grijalva of Arizona, favor expanding the use of porcine zona pellucida, or PZP. While effective, the vaccine renders mares infertile for about a year.
This will mark the fourth time in the past decade that BLM has attempted to test ovariectomy via colpotomy, dating back to the Obama administration. Each time, lawsuits from advocates have prompted BLM to stop the research or walk away from it.
Source: E&E News
U.S. House Approves Measure that Mandates BLM to Administer Humane Fertility Control, PZP, on Wild Horses
The effort to require the Bureau of Land Management to implement a humane management strategy for America's wild horses with the immunocontraception, porcine zona pellucida (PZP), advanced through a FY21 U.S. House spending bill.
Rep. Steve Cohen (D-TN) offered an amendment to the “State, Foreign Operations, Agriculture, Rural Development, Interior, Environment, Military Construction, and Veterans Affairs Appropriations Act”, which would mandate that at least $11M of the Bureau of Land Management’s FY21 wild horse and burro budget be allocated to administering PZP to mustangs on the range.
Cosponsors of Cohen's amendment:
U.S. Representatives; Dina Titus (D-NM), Raul Grijalva (D-AZ), Joe Neguse (D-CO), Brian Fitzpatrick (R-PA), David Schweikert (R-AZ), David Price (D-NC), Peter King (R-NY), Deb Haaland (D-NM), John Katko (R-NY), Jan Schakowsky (D-IL), and Ben McAdams (D-UT).
By a vast majority, the U.S. House passed the amendment, but it did meet with one outspoken voice of opposition: Rep. Chris Stewart (R-UT). Stewart, who is a leading architect of the misguided and reckless, “Path Forward, 10 Years to AML agenda” for wild horses, decried the amendment. He stated on the U.S. House Floor, "While I appreciate the gentleman's concern for wild horses, it will end up hurting more than it helps." Stewart went on to say, “The amendment seeks to push PZP contraceptive. The only problem with that is it doesn't work.”
Rep. Chris Stewart (R-UT) opposes humane fertility control, PZP, for wild horses.
It’s extremely troubling that Rep. Stewart attempted to sabotage the amendment, especially as his 10 Years to AML agenda partners include the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS), American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), and Return to Freedom (RTF). All three of these organizations support the use of PZP. In fact, HSUS holds the registrant for PZP under the name “ZonaStat-H” for use on wild horses and burros, ASPCA has provided financial support for PZP research and development, and RTF successfully utilizes PZP on the wild horses residing at their sanctuary.
The next hurdle for the $11M mandate on PZP use will be in the U.S. Senate's FY 2021 spending bill that will be drafted and voted on in the next few months.
BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT PROPOSES AGGRESSIVE PLAN TO ERADICATE WILD HORSES AND BURROS ON FEDERAL RANGELANDS
The Trump administration is proposing an aggressive plan that would permanently remove as many as 20,000 wild horses and burros off federal rangelands annually, costing as much as $900 million in the first five years, according to a long-delayed report to Congress.
The 33-page report entitled, "An Analysis of Achieving a Sustainable Wild Horse and Burro Program", lays out BLM's three-phase plan that would allow the agency to reduce the roughly 90,000 wild horses and burros living on federal rangelands across the West to sustainable levels in 15 to 18 years.
It does not include any consideration of euthanizing animals or selling rounded-up animals without ensuring they are not transferred to foreign slaughterhouses, as did a previous BLM report submitted to Congress in 2018. Instead, the new report proposes not only to capture and permanently remove roughly 20,000 animals a year, but also to round up an additional 9,000 animals a year to be treated with "some form of long-term temporary or permanent fertility control" before returning them to the range.
BLM, in an emailed statement, said the report "outlines a comprehensive, non-lethal population control strategy to address chronic overpopulation of wild horses and burros and their impact to BLM-managed public lands." The bureau, the statement added, wants to work "with Congress, its partners, state and local governments, and the private sector to ensure healthy wild horses and burros continue to thrive on healthy public rangelands for future generations to enjoy." It's not clear what Congress will think of the plan — or the hefty price tag. A spokesman for the House Natural Resources Committee said the panel is still reviewing the document.
BLM under the plan would also continue research "into improving long-term fertility control treatments and humane permanent sterilization (with a particular emphasis on modern chemical sterilization methods)." All this could reduce growing populations of wild horses and burros to the appropriate management level (AML) of about 26,715 animals in the next two decades, according to the report. The cost of the strategy — starting at $116 million the first year and increasing to $238 million by the fifth year — comes amid the COVID-19 pandemic that has crippled the nation's economy.
The new report proposes not only to capture and permanently remove roughly 20,000 animals a year, but also to round up an additional 9,000 animals a year to be treated with "some form of long-term temporary or permanent fertility control" before returning them to the range.
But the alternative of maintaining the status quo could be far worse, the report concludes. "If nothing were done to reduce the annual growth rate of these herds, by 2040, the BLM estimates the on-range populations of wild horses and burros could increase to over 2.8 million," the report says. Such a density of animals would lead "to catastrophic harm to the land, to other species, and to wild horses and burros themselves."
BLM is roughly nine months late submitting the report to congressional appropriators. They requested last year that BLM prepare the report. BLM acting chief William Perry Pendley told reporters last fall that Interior Secretary David Bernhardt was partly responsible for the delay. "I will tell you the Secretary was unhappy with previous documents that we prepared on this subject, and he gave strict orders that we're to prepare a thoughtful and well-reasoned document to deliver to the Hill; anything less we're not going to send up there," Pendley said.
The delay sparked seven Democratic members of Congress to press Bernhardt in a letter to finalize and submit the report. It also prompted appropriators to insert language into the fiscal 2020 funding bill withholding $21 million for BLM's Wild Horse and Burro Program until 60 days after the report is submitted
While the latest version considers only nonlethal strategies, its insistence on ramping up wild horse and burro roundups and continuing research into permanent sterilization did not please most wild horse and animal welfare groups. The answer to reducing herd sizes, those groups say, is ramping up fertility controls, along with smaller-scale roundups and removals that ensure the animals are protected and population levels are reduced.
But BLM disagrees. The report concludes that using only "short-term fertility control vaccines at any scale" will not result in a significant reduction in herd sizes. "The analysis suggests the most effective way to achieve [appropriate management levels] is to annually remove a large number of animals permanently from the range," the report says, "especially since a high percentage of mares captured are pregnant at the time of capture."
"The number of animals annually removed is the dominant variable controlling total program costs," it adds. "Therefore, the annual projected removals are critical to containing program costs and achieving AML." Once the herds sizes are reduced to an appropriate management level, the report says, "fertility control would become a relatively more cost-effective strategy, with permanent sterilization options being more cost-effective in the long run than temporary sterilization which must be repeated."
Source: E&E News
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