Source: KOLO News
RENO, Nev. -- Bureau of Land Management (BLM) officials say they are installing water sprinklers at the wild horse enclosures in Palomino Valley in an effort to protect the horses from record-breaking heat.
On Friday, June 28th, the official temperature in Reno hit 103, breaking the previous record by three degrees. Record-breaking temperatures are expected to continue throughout the weekend and a Heat Advisory is in effect from 1pm Sunday to 10pm Tuesday.
The BLM says crews are installing the sprinklers in three of the large, outside pens and five mare/foal pens. The sprinklers are meant to reduce the heat levels inside the corrals. In addition, BLM staff will closely watch the horses react to the sprinklers to make sure they remain healthy.
In a press release, officials say shade shelters have been considered and the current policy is based on a number of things, including:
- Wild horses and burros are accustomed to open environments and when their nutritional demands are met, they do well against the natural elements, including sun, rain, snow, and hot and cold temperatures. At Palomino Valley, the animals are fed hay each day; mineral blocks are available in each pen; and a continuous supply of water is available via automatic waterers.
- Open corrals with plenty of sunlight have proven to be the best way to minimize disease-causing organisms. The BLM's open corrals enable the drying effects of the sun and wind to take effect. The corrals are sloped to minimize the pooling of precipitation in the pens and to allow it to channel to the exterior of the facility.
- Due to the temperament of the animals, the social hierarchy between the animals, and their unfamiliarity with shelters, the BLM feels that corrals without shelters are the safest approach. Shelters could create a potential obstacle for animals running and playing in the corrals, and cause significant injuries. The BLM has wind breaks and/or shelters for sick animals. The “sick
pens” do not have the same safety issues because the animals are in a smaller area with limited pressure from other animals."
Animal Welfare Groups Plan Suit in Response to USDA Decision to Support the Slaughter of Horses for Human Consumption
The U.S. Department of Agriculture has given the green light for the grisly practice of horse slaughter to resume on U.S. soil. The agency approved an application for horse slaughter inspections under federal law at a plant in New Mexico. This news comes on the heels of the U.S. House and Senate appropriations committees’ votes to halt all funding for horse slaughter in FY 2014. The decision means that the federal government could potentially spend millions of taxpayer dollars to start up inspections at horse slaughter plants, only to have Congress terminate the process in the coming months.
In response to the USDA’s decision, The Humane Society of the United States and Front Range Equine Rescue plan to file suit immediately against the USDA to put a stop to this agency decision. The two groups previously informed USDA that they would take aggressive legal action against the agency, in light of the serious unresolved environmental and food safety issues surrounding horse slaughter.
Jonathan Lovvorn, senior vice president and chief counsel for animal protection litigation at The HSUS, said: “The USDA’s decision to start up domestic horse slaughter, while at the same time asking Congress to defund it, is bizarre and unwarranted. Slaughter plants have a history of polluting their communities and producing horsemeat that is tainted with a dangerous cocktail of banned drugs. We intend to hold the Obama administration accountable in federal court for this inhumane, wasteful and illegal decision.”
Hilary Wood, president of Front Range Equine Rescue, said: “America’s horses are not raised as food animals, and they receive numerous substances during their lives making them unfit and illegal for human consumption. Adding insult to injury, the suffering of the horses in the slaughter pipeline and the danger to humans makes this action more than inhumane. Horses bound for slaughter have many alternatives open to them including re-training, re-homing, and humane euthanasia. We remain committed to stopping this insult to justice and our sense of justice.”
The USDA’s approval is particularly surprising, considering the recent scandal in the European Union, where horsemeat was discovered in food products labeled as beef. The operation of horse slaughter plants in the U.S. will make it more difficult to prevent the commingling between horsemeat and beef products that occurred in Europe.
Horses are raised as pets and for use in show, sport, work and recreation in the U.S. and are regularly administered drugs that are expressly prohibited by current federal regulations for use in animals intended for human consumption. For example, a common pain reliever routinely administered to all types of horses, Phenylbutazone, is known to cause potentially fatal human diseases, and if the animal has taken the drug, the meat is adulterated and should not be eaten. There is also no system in the U.S. to track medications and veterinary treatments given to horses to ensure that their meat is safe.
Any facility slaughtering thousands of horses will necessarily be processing the blood, organs and remains of animals whose tissues and blood may contain significant amounts of dangerous substances, which are either known to be dangerous, or which have never been tested on humans and therefore present completely unknown dangers. At least six applications for horse slaughter inspections have been filed with the USDA.
- This month, the U.S. House and Senate Appropriations committees voted to block funding for inspections of horse slaughter plants. President Obama’s proposed FY 2014 budget also included a request for Congress to prevent tax dollars from supporting horse slaughter.
- The HSUS and FRER also filed petitions with USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to declare horsemeat unfit for human consumption. USDA denied that petition.
- According to a national poll conducted last year, 80 percent of Americans disapprove of horse slaughter.
- “Kill buyers”gather up horses from random sources and profit by selling healthy horses for slaughter that bring the best price per pound for their meat. USDA reports show that approximately 92 percent of American horses going to slaughter are healthy and would otherwise be able to go on to lead productive lives.
- The methods used to kill horses rarely result in quick, painless deaths, as horses often endure repeated blows to render them unconscious and sometimes remain conscious during the slaughtering process. When horse slaughter plants previousl operated in the U.S., the USDA documented severe injuries to horses in the slaughter pipeline, including broken bones and eyeballs hanging from a thread of skin.
- The Safeguard American Food Exports Act, H.R. 1094 / S. 541, introduced this year by U.S. Sens. Mary Landrieu, D-La., and Lindsey Graham, R-S.C., and Reps. Patrick Meehan, R-Pa., and Jan Schakowsky, D-Ill., is abipartisan measure that would outlaw horse slaughter operations in the U.S., end the current export of American horses for slaughter abroad, and protect the public from consuming toxic horsemeat.
June 28, 2013 Press Release
WASHINGTON, DC--Congresswoman Rosa DeLauro (D-CT) released the following statement today regarding the Department of Agriculture (USDA)’s decision to begin federal inspections of a horse slaughter facility. The decision means that one plant in the United States may now engage in horse slaughter, something previously prohibited by annual appropriations bills.
“Congress should promptly reinstate the provision that prohibited spending federal dollars to inspect horse slaughter facilities and I am encouraged my colleagues have taken steps to do so. I will continue my work to prevent horse slaughter in the pending agriculture appropriations bill.”
DeLauro, former chair of the subcommittee responsible for funding the USDA, ensured federal funds could not be used to inspect such facilities in the United States during her tenure as subcommittee chair. After taking over the House majority in 2011, Republicans failed to continue that practice. The Obama Administration’s proposed budget asks Congress to reinstate
that provision, which would result in the practice once again being banned.
During the Appropriation Committee’s consideration of the agriculture appropriations bill earlier this month, DeLauro spoke in support of an amendment to reinstate the ban. That amendment was accepted, as was a similar amendment in the Senate’s counterpart bill.
June 28, 2013 | Press Release
WASHINGTON — U.S. Senator Mary L. Landrieu, D-La., today said she is extremely disturbed and disappointed that the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has approved an application for inspections at a horse slaughter facility in New Mexico and that it plans to approve similar requests for plants in Iowa and Missouri. Sen. Landrieu recently passed a ban on horsemeat inspections through the Senate Appropriations Committee as part of the Agriculture Appropriations Bill. She is also pushing for a permanent ban through her bipartisan Safeguard American Food Exports (SAFE) Act that she introduced with Sen. Lindsey Graham, R-S.C.
"I am extremely disturbed and disappointed that despite the numerous economic and safety concerns, several horse slaughter
plants could soon operate in our country. Americans overwhelmingly oppose horse slaughter because of its brutality, risks to food safety and serious environmental impacts. By granting these applications, we are going in the wrong direction as far as protecting consumer health, responsibly managing taxpayer funds and protecting our domestic meat industry. Today's announcement makes swift congressional action even more crucial," Sen. Landrieu said.
"Sen. Graham and I successfully included a temporary ban on horse slaughter in the Senate Agriculture Appropriations bill, and I remain committed to passing this legislation with the ban intact, as well as passing the bipartisan SAFE Act for a permanent ban. I will continue working with my colleagues on both sides of the aisle to pass this ban as quickly as possible to close the doors on domestic horse slaughter plants for good."
The ban included in the FY2014 Agriculture Appropriations bill would last for the duration of the bill. To permanently ban horse slaughter, the SAFE Act would permanently prohibit horse slaughter operations in the U.S., and end the current export and slaughter of more than 150,000 American horses abroad each year. A similar bill has been introduced in the House by Reps. Patrick Meehan, R-Pa., and Jan Schakowsky, D-Il.
Support the Safeguard American Food Exports (SAFE) Act (H.R. 1094/S. 541).
Horse slaughter for human consumption has been outlawed in the United States for many years, and the SAFE Act aims to protect the food supply in the United States from the dangers that consumption of horse meat poses.
Consuming horse meat likely poses a serious threat to human health, and the public should be protected from these unsafe products.
Click Here to send an email to the members of the committees currently considering passage of the Safeguard American Food Exports Act and respectfully demand a full hearing on the bill pending in each chamber.
Source: The Associated Press
ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. (AP) - Federal officials cleared the way Friday for a return to domestic horse slaughter, granting a southeastern New Mexico company's application to convert its cattle facility into a horse processing plant.
In approving Valley Meat Co. plans to produce horse meat, USDA officials also indicated that they would grant similar permits to companies in Iowa and Missouri as early as next week.
With the action, the Roswell, N.M., company is set to become the first
operation in the nation licensed to process horses into meat since Congress effectively banned the practice seven years ago.
The company has been fighting for approval from the Department of Agriculture for more than a year with a request that ignited an emotional debate over whether horses are livestock or domestic companions.
The decision comes more than six months after Valley Meat Co. sued the USDA, accusing it of intentionally delaying the process because the Obama Administration opposes horse slaughter. Valley Meat Co. wants to ship horse meat to countries where people cook with it or feed it to animals.
Although the USDA granted the company's certification, it was unclear when it would actually be able to begin slaughtering horses. Valley Meat Co. attorney Blair Dunn says the USDA has to send inspectors to the plant before it can begin operation.
The plant would become the first horse slaughterhouse to operate in the country since Congress banned the practice by eliminating funding for inspections at the plants. Congress reinstated the funding in 2011, but the USDA has resisted approving Valley Meat Co.'s application, prompting the lawsuit.
The USDA also is lobbying for an outright ban on horse slaughter, and the Obama administration's budget proposal for the upcoming fiscal year eliminates funding for inspections of horse slaughterhouses, which would effectively reinstate a ban on the industry. Both the House and Senate agriculture committees have endorsed proposals that would cut the funding. But it is unclear when and if an agriculture appropriations bill will pass this year.
"Since Congress has not yet acted to ban horse slaughter inspection, (the agriculture department) is legally required to issue a grant of inspection today to Valley Meats in Roswell, N.M., for equine slaughter," said USDA spokeswoman
"The Administration has requested Congress to reinstate the ban on horse slaughter. Until Congress acts, the Department must continue to comply with current law."
She said it was unclear when operations would start. But she said Valley Meat would have to notify the plant in advance to get inspectors on site. A return to domestic horse slaughter has divided horse rescue and animal welfare groups, ranchers, politicians and Indian tribes about what is the most humane way to deal with the country's horse overpopulation and what rescue groups have said are a rising number of neglected and starving horses as the West deals with persistent drought.
Proponents of a return to domestic horse slaughter point to a 2011 report from the federal Government Accountability Office that shows horse abuse and abandonment have been increasing since slaughter was banned in 2006. They say it is better to slaughter the animals in humane, federally regulated facilities than have them abandoned to starve across the drought-stricken West or shipped to inhumane facilities in Mexico.
The number of U.S. horses sent to other countries for slaughter has nearly tripled since 2006, the report says. And many humane groups agree that some of the worst abuse occurs in the slaughter pipeline. Many are pushing for a both a ban on domestic slaughter as well as a ban on shipping horses to Mexico and Canada.
New Mexico Land Commissioner Ray Powell, a veterinarian, called on local, state and federal leaders to "work together to create solutions and provide sustainable funding to care for or humanely euthanize these unwanted horses. Continuing to ignore the plight of starving horses, creating a new horse slaughter plant, or exporting unwanted horses to Mexico won't solve this problem."
Mary Clare Jalonick in Washington, D.C., contributed to this report.
Animal Welfare Groups, New Mexico Leaders Appalled by USDA's Decision to Process Application for Horse Slaughter Plant Inspections
Press Release | Friday, June 28, 2013
Washington, D.C.--The Animal Welfare Institute (AWI), The ASPCA® (The American Society for the Prevention
of Cruelty to Animals®), and Animal Protection of New Mexico are dismayed over the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s recent
decision to approve an application for a horse slaughter facility at Valley Meat Company LLC in Roswell, N.M. on the grounds that killing horses for human consumption is inhumane and creates a serious health risk to consumers. Similar applications are pending for Rains Natural Meats in Gallatin, Mo., and Responsible Transportation LLC in Sigourney, Iowa, and could be approved as early as Monday.
Valley Meat is slated to be the first facility in the U.S. to be green-lighted to slaughter horses for human consumption since 2007, when the few remaining plants closed after Congress voted to eliminate funding for horse meat inspections. This surprising move to reopen a horse slaughter plant defies common sense, given Congress’s recent votes to eliminate funding for such inspections and the scandal in the European Union, where horse meat was found to be mislabeled as beef in prepared food products. On June 13, the House Appropriations Committee voted to include language prohibiting the use of tax dollars for horse slaughter inspections in its Agriculture Appropriations bill, and on June 20, the Senate Appropriations Committee voted in favor of including the same language in its version of the Appropriations bill. These bills are both expected to move for floor action in July, signaling revocation of the USDA’s inspection abilities in a matter of months.
“The writing is on the wall – Americans don’t want our horses slaughtered, here or in any other country. Moving ahead with a government program to fund horse slaughter inspections is a cruel, reckless and fiscally irresponsible move,” said Nancy Perry, senior vice president of ASPCA Government Relations. “Recent polling shows that 70 percent of New Mexicans, along with the
overwhelming majority of Americans, are opposed to the slaughter of U.S. horses for human consumption. Given the recent firestorm of concern and outrage over horse meat entering the food supply in Europe, this decision is shocking. The USDA is knowingly diverting tax dollars from programs that protect American consumers to programs that jeopardize them. It is time for Congress to take action to prevent American horses from suffering this terrible fate and stop horse slaughter in the U.S. once and for all.”
Horse slaughter is inherently cruel and often erroneously compared to humane euthanasia. The methods used to slaughter horses do not always result in quick, painless deaths, as horses are difficult to stun and may remain conscious during their butchering and dismemberment. Whether slaughter occurs in the U.S. or abroad, these equines typically suffer abuse even before they arrive at the slaughterhouse, often transported for more than 24 hours at a time without food, water or rest, and in
dangerously overcrowded trailers where the animals may be seriously injured or even killed in transit. The majority of horses killed for human consumption are young, healthy animals who could go on to lead productive lives with loving owners. Last year, more than 160,000 American horses were sent to a cruel death by a grisly foreign industry that produces unsafe food for consumers.
“I am baffled and greatly disappointed that the USDA has chosen to approve this application despite strong opposition from the state of New Mexico, the U.S. Congress and the American public,” said Chris Heyde, deputy director of government and legal affairs for AWI. “Given an earlier statement from USDA Secretary Vilsack opposing horse slaughter and calling for alternatives and recent votes in Congress against this practice we had hoped no plant would be allowed to open. It just means we will have to redouble our efforts to pass the SAFE Act which will ban slaughter and ensure our horses are safe from this cruel and predatory industry.”
“New Mexicans reject the idea of a horse slaughter plant in our state,” said Lisa Jennings, executive director of Animal Protection of New Mexico. “Horses are a valuable part of our heritage, and we have worked hard to develop a robust
safety net for them, not condemn them to slaughter.”
“Despite the federal government’s decision to legalize horse slaughter for human consumption, I believe creating a horse slaughtering industry in New Mexico is wrong and I am strongly opposed,” said New Mexico Governor Susana Martinez. “Like the overwhelming majority of Americans across the country, New Mexicans opposed the slaughter of horses for human consumption. Not only is there not a domestic demand for horsemeat, the act of slaughter itself is considered inhumane by experts, given that a horse’s biology makes them difficult to stun, leaving them conscious during the slaughter process.”
“Granting an inspection of the proposed horse slaughtering facility does not resolve the issues of potential violation of New Mexico State requirements,” said New Mexico’s Attorney General, Gary K. King. “Our office has expressed concern that under current practices it is unlikely that the plant can show that it meets the requirements of the New Mexico Food Act in their manufacture and delivery of horse meat for human consumption. The plant will also likely be required to meet State environmental standards for their discharges.”
“As a veterinarian, natural resource manager, and someone who has had the great good fortune to grow up with and around horses, I am very concerned about their health and safety. If a horse is hurt, terminally ill, or has no chance to find a loving home, then humane euthanasia is an important option,” said New Mexico State Land Commissioner Ray Powell, D.V.M. “I am told the USDA is considering the proposal to open a horse slaughtering facility in our state. Since we do not have enough unwanted horses in New Mexico to make this economically viable, it means that horses would be trucked in from across the
nation. We do not have the safeguards and oversight in place to ensure their humane handling, transport, and euthanasia. New Mexico can do much better by these intelligent and gentle creatures, and I strongly oppose this ill-conceived proposal.”
The decision to allow facilities to slaughter horses adds further to the burden on U.S. taxpayers at a time when spending cuts associated with the sequester could curtail food safety inspections for U.S. meat products.Additionally, with the opening of a horse slaughter plant in the U.S., it will be more difficult to prevent the kind of comingling between horse meat and beef products that has occurred in Europe.
In March, U.S. Sens. Mary Landrieu, D-La., and Lindsey Graham, R-S.C., and Reps. Patrick Meehan, R-Pa., and Jan Schakowsky, D-Ill., introduced the Safeguard American Foods Export (SAFE) Act (S. 541/ H.R. 1094), bipartisan legislation that will prevent the introduction of horse slaughter operations in the U.S., end the current export of American horses for slaughter abroad, and protect the public from consuming toxic horse meat. AWI, APNM and the ASPCA urge Congress to
swiftly pass the SAFE Act to protect horses and consumers.
Jun 28, 2013 Press Release
ALBUQUERQUE, NM – U.S. Rep. Michelle Lujan Grisham (NM-01), a memberof the House Agriculture Committee, released the following statement after the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) issued a grant of inspection for a horse slaughter facility in Roswell, NM:
“I am deeply disappointed and saddened that the USDA is allowing horse slaughter to take place right here in New Mexico. By issuing a grant of inspection to Valley Meat Company in Roswell, the USDA has ignored the significant and compelling food safety, animal welfare and environmental protection concerns associated with this particular plant.
“It is completely irresponsible for the USDA to blame Congress for not acting when the USDA has failed to be an engaged and effective regulator in this process. I sent a letter to the USDA two months ago – which has gone unanswered – outlining
numerous legal justifications for denying a grant of inspection to the Roswell plant and to other horse slaughter facilities. And recently, I joined a bipartisan group of colleagues to send a letter to the USDA urging it to defer any final decision until it fully considered all of these concerns.
“It is the job of the USDA to ensure that plant operators meet necessary standards before issuing grants of inspection. Based on his fraudulent applications and past felony convictions alone, the owner of Valley Meat does not come close to meeting those standards.
“I am personally dissatisfied with the USDA’s leadership on this issue. It has failed to consider the views of the seventy percent of New Mexicans who oppose horse slaughter, a cruel process that causes great pain and distress to the animals. Horse meat also poses significant food safety issues that make itdangerous for human consumption.
“Although the USDA has declined to do its job, I remain optimistic that Congress will continue moving forward with a bipartisan solution to end this inhumane practice.”
Rep. Michelle Lujan Grisham, D-N.M., introduced a bill in the Agriculture Committee on May 15, 2013 that would have banned the actual authorization – not just the funding – to inspect horse slaughter facilities. She withdrew the amendment when it became apparent it would not pass the committee. Lujan Grisham applauded Thursday’s Appropriations Committee vote and called horse slaughter “a cruel process that causes great pain and distress to the animals.”
Rep Grisham is also a Co-Sponsor of the Safeguard American Food Exports (SAFE) Act (H.R.1094) which will ban the slaughter of horses on U.S. soil and prevent transporting horses across American borders for slaughter in Canada and Mexico.
Source: Front Range Equine Rescue
St. Louis, MO, June 27 -- In a letter submitted to Sara Parker Pauley, Director of the Missouri Department of Natural Resources, Front Range Equine Rescue (FRER) requested the Missouri DNR to impose a moratorium on the issuance of any permits that would allow any horse slaughter facility to operate in Missouri.Rains Natural Meats, a business located in rural Daviess County near Gallatin, Missouri, has submitted an application to the Missouri DNR and the U.S. Department of Agriculture that would allow it to operate a horse slaughter facility. In its permit application, Rains Natural Meats seeks authority to operate under a permit typically associated with the disposal of food wastes from restaurants.
Currently, there are no horse slaughter facilities in operation anywhere in the United States. If the Missouri DNR issues a permit to Rains Natural Meats, Missouri would become the first state in the country to allow such activities.“Horses are commonly treated with over 110 different veterinary drugs that are not authorized by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration for use in horses that are killed for human consumption,” said Hilary Wood, President of Front Range Equine Rescue. “In fact, horse meat is adulterated and cannot legally be sold, based on federal law,” added Wood.
Because American horses are not raised for food, no information is available concerning the horses’ drug or medical history. “Several studies have shown that these types of veterinary drugs generally do not degrade in wastewater lagoons and will continue to be present in soils even after the wastewater has been applied on land,” said Stephen Jeffery, an attorney in St. Louis, who represents FRER.Jeffery added, “With the wide prevalence of the use of these veterinary drugs in horses, the fact that these drugs are not authorized for human use, and the fact that these drugs persist in the environment, it is important to fully evaluate the potential adverse effects on human health and the environment before allowing such a facility to begin operations.”
A petition has also been submitted to the Missouri Department of Health & Senior Services to adopt state regulations to prohibit the processing and sale of adulterated horse meat from horses who have been given these veterinary drugs.
The Humane Society of the United States receives five-year grant aimed at improving herd management and adoptions.
As the recipient of a five-year $760,000 grant from an anonymous donor, The Humane Society of the United States has launched “The Platero Project” to promote the protection of wild burros managed by the Bureau of Land Management. The aim of the project is to develop partnerships and programs to research the effectiveness of contraceptive vaccine on wild burro herds and to reduce the number of wild burros currently living in BLM holding areas, by increasing adoptions and relocating difficult to place burros to sanctuaries.
The project was financed by a donor who cares deeply about the humane treatment of burros, and it is named for the Spanish Nobel Laureate Juan Ramon Jimenez’s book about a faithful and friendly donkey named Platero. Heidi Hopkins, The Platero Project manager for The HSUS, said: “There are many challenges to the management of wild burro herds, and through innovation we can find a way forward that saves burros from suffering and saves tax dollars and agency resources. We are grateful for this generous donation that allows us to step up our work to protect and celebrate these animals.”
Over the past five years, the rate of wild burro adoptions through BLM has drastically decreased, and more than 1,300 burros remain in federal holding facilities in the western U.S. The HSUS plans to develop a training program for wild burros that aims to increase the number of burros adopted annually.
The immunocontraception vaccine commonly known as porcine zona pellucida (PZP) was registered by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to manage wild horse populations on the range last year, but it has not yet been used by the BLM on burros. The Platero Project will assist in a long-term research project to determine the efficacy and cost-benefits of using PZP to manage wild burros on the range. Increased use of PZP by the BLM could save taxpayers millions of dollars over the next decade while helping to maintain healthy wild horse and burro populations.
•There are more than 20 Herd Management Areas in five western states that are home to over 5,000 wild burros.
•Wild burros are decedents of the burros used by early settlers and miners in the 1800s.
•The Wild and Free Roaming Horse and Burros Act of 1971 is a federal law that was enacted to protect these animals and their
•In many species, including wild horses, PZP, registered under the brand name ZonaStat-H, causes the production of antibodies that bind to sperm receptor sites on eggs and block fertilization. The Science and Conservation Center (SCC)
based in Billings, Montana, produces the vaccine, which has been used to treat more than 1,600 wild, sanctuary and tribal horses annually at dozens of trial sites across the U.S., including east coast barrier islands, western wild horse ranges, Navajo and Pima/Maricopa tribal horses.
•PZP was first used on wild horses in 1988 when a team led by Jay F. Kirkpatrick, Ph.D., the director of the Science and Conservation Center, began a pilot project on the famous wild ponies on Assateague Island National Seashore off the coast of Maryland. This project, which has been supported by The HSUS for more than 20 years, was so successful that the National Park Service began to utilize PZP as a population management tool in 1994.
•About 300 burros live at Cleveland Amory Black Beauty Ranch, an animal sanctuary operated by The Fund for Animals, an affiliate of The HSUS.
•Earlier this month, the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) released an extensive report that called for an increased use of on the range management tools, including PZP. See the report here.